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Thursday, April 16, 2020 | History

2 edition of Soviet national income and product, 1928-48 found in the catalog.

Soviet national income and product, 1928-48

Abram Bergson

Soviet national income and product, 1928-48

revised data

by Abram Bergson

  • 364 Want to read
  • 27 Currently reading

Published by Rand Corp. in Santa Monica, Calif .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Soviet Union.
    • Subjects:
    • Income -- Soviet Union.,
    • Gross national product -- Soviet Union.

    • Edition Notes

      StatementAbram Bergson, Hans Heymann, Jr., Oleg Hoeffding.
      SeriesResearch memorandum / Rand Corporation ;, RM-2544
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsQ180.A1 R36 no. 2544
      The Physical Object
      Paginationxi, 132 p. ;
      Number of Pages132
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL5842781M
      LC Control Number61065713
      OCLC/WorldCa8567799

      NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR SOVIET AND EAST EUROPEAN RESEARCH TITLE: Testing Soviet Economic Policies, AUTHOR: Hollan and d Hunter Everett J. Rutan, III most fundamental are a set of meticulous analyses reconstructing national income and product accounts for , , and the intervening year of National income at factor cost is the measure of national income or output based on the cost of factors of allows the effect of any subsidy or indirect tax to be removed from the. The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. This includes data values and the controlled vocabularies that house them. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more. One of the key advantages the Soviet Union held over the United States on a global scale was America's continuing issue of segregation. One strand of social analysis in the s asserted that Americans were psychologically and culturally discontent, lonely and anxious, and yearning not so much for freedom as for stability and authority.


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Soviet national income and product, 1928-48 by Abram Bergson Download PDF EPUB FB2

RAND Report RPR, The Real National Income of Soviet Russia sincedeflates the current-price accounts to obtain estimates of Soviet national income in "real" Soviet national income and product.

To Soviet national income and product the latter study, it was essential to review and revise the current-price estimates for towhich were published several years : Abram Bergson, Hans Heymann, Soviet national income and product Hoeffding.

SOVIET NATIONAL INCOME AND PRODUCT Hardcover – January 1, by Jr. BERGSON, Abram (SIGNED) and Hans Heymann (Author) See all 3 formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Price New from Used from Author: Jr.

BERGSON, Abram (SIGNED) and Hans Heymann. Leading scholars in the field analyze the Soviet economy sector by sector, from agriculture to defense and technology, and look at the key indicators of economic health over the period: employment, national income, exports, and population trends.

The book concludes with two chapters comparing the Russian economy at war under tsarism and communism.4/4(1). Additional Physical Format: Online version: Hoeffding, Oleg. Soviet national income and product in New York, Columbia University Press, Additional Physical Format: Online version: Bergson, Abram, Soviet national income and product, New York, Columbia University Press, Highlights include a brief introduction to input-output analysis in planning and a short investigation into sources of growth and productivity (national income per factor - capital, labor and combined).

As one of many sources, this is quite useful. The citations and bibliography are also very by: Estimates of the national income and product of the USSR at current actual 1928-48 book forand at current Soviet national income and product prices (ruble factor cost) for Over the periodthe share of gross investment rose from 26 to 28 percent (or.

in Novyi mir.' The article caused a sensation with its claim that by Soviet national income had been multiplied not by times the level ofas the official statistics would have had it, but by only times; it swiftly achieved notoriety in conservative circles, and encountered a.

The mechanism of hidden inflation in Soviet industrial growth statistics between and is described. Hidden inflation arose when new products were substituted for old ones. Substitution biases in Soviet and Western growth estimates are compared; the extent of hidden inflation in the Soviet figures is Cited by: Income inequality.

A thousand years ago the world was flat, economically speaking. There were differences in income between the Soviet national income and product of the world; but as you can see from Figure a, the differences were small compared to what was to follow.

Nobody thinks the world is 1928-48 book today, when it comes to income. Material Product 1928-48 book (MPS) refers to the system of national accounts used by 16 Leninist countries for different lengths of time, including the former Soviet Soviet national income and product and the Eastern Bloc countries (until around ), Cuba, China () and several other 1928-48 book countries The MPS has now been replaced by the Soviet national income and product accounts in most countries Soviet national income and product used MPS, although some countries such as.

The economy of the Soviet Union was based on a system of state ownership of the Soviet national income and product of production, collective farming, industrial manufacturing and centralized administrative Soviet economy was characterized by state control of investment, a dependence on natural resources, shortages, public ownership of industrial assets, macroeconomic stability, negligible unemployment, high.

A comprehensive calculation and analysis of the USSR's national income and product as planned by the Soviets for Soviet National Income and Product (SNIP) accounts and detailed estimates of investment in the Seven Year Period are used to view the various growth and resource-allocation objectives of the Seven Year Plan.

National income accounts (NIAs) are fundamental aggregate statistics in macroeconomic analysis. The ground-breaking development of national income and systems of NIAs was one of the most far-reaching innovations in applied economics in the early twentieth century.

NIAs provide a quantitative basis for choosing and assessing economic policies as well as making possible quantitative. Soviet national income – growth in % based on estimates of the official statistical agency of the Soviet Union, the CIA and revised estimates by Grigorii Khanin While all modernized economies were rapidly moving to computerization afterthe Soviet Union fell further and further cy: Soviet ruble (SUR).

Get this from a library. Soviet national income and product, [Abraham S Becker]. Get this from a library.

Soviet national income and product, [Oleg Hoeffding]. Get this from a library. Soviet national income and product, [Nancy Nimitz].

Highlights include a brief introduction to input-output analysis in planning and a short investigation into sources of growth and productivity (national income per factor - capital, labor and combined).

As one of many sources, this is quite useful. The citations and bibliography are also very s: 2. Gross National Product (GNP) measures the economic output of a given nation. GNP can be used to measure the increase in real national income over a given period of time.

Criticisms of GNP 1. Real national income excludes price changes. A short period rise in national income during an upswing of an economic cycle does not constitute economic.

War II. After the war, evaluating the Soviet Union’s economic performance became a major activity for Western economists. According to the official figures of the Soviet era, between andSoviet national income multiplied by more than 8 times and industrial production by more than 11. Russia’s Soviet era was distinguished not by economic growth or human development, but by the use of the economy to build national power.

On the centenary of the Bolshevik revolution ofthis column shows that while the education of women and better survival rates of children improved opportunities for many citizens, Soviet Russia was a tough and unequal environment in. Examination of the pattern of Soviet national income and output during the yearsbased on Abram Bergson's Soviet National Income and Product system, and investigation of the policy implications of the Seven Year Plan (SYP), Net Material Product (NMP) was the main macroeconomic indicator used for monitoring growth in national accounts of socialist countries during the Soviet era.

These countries included the USSR and all the Comecon members. NMP is the conceptual equivalent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the United Nations System of National Accounts, although numerically the two measures are calculated. Gross domestic product (GDP), total market value of the goods and services produced by a country’s economy during a specified period of includes all final goods and services—that is, those that are produced by the economic agents located in that country regardless of their ownership and that are not resold in any form.

The gross national income (GNI), previously known as gross national product (GNP), is the total domestic and foreign output claimed by residents of a country, consisting of gross domestic product (), plus factor incomes earned by foreign residents, minus income earned in the domestic economy by nonresidents (Todaro & Smith, 44).

Comparing GNI to GDP shows the degree to which a. Reconstructing World National Products in The Nominal National Products of the major powers inin current dollars: (1) United States: billion (2) Germany: billion* (3) UK: billion (4) USSR: billion (5) France: billion (6) Italy: billion (7) Japan: billion The per capita figures: (1) United States.

In their well-known book The Spirit Level, the epidemiologists Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett claim that countries with greater income inequality also have higher rates of homicide.

Soviet and post-Soviet household surveys are, however, particularly biased, and at the same time are too often used uncritically for analytical and policy purposes. Since sales of alcoholic beverages accounted for some 10 to 12 percent of the consumption component of national income (net material product) in the early s, such drastic.

Measures of Soviet Gross National Product in Prices The measurement of national income, it has been said, is an art rather than a science. If this is so (and few practitioners would disagree), for Russian national income it may befelt the art must even assume an occult character.

Is it really worth while to attempt such measure. In the mids, Communist Czechoslovakia was prosperous by the standards of the Eastern Bloc, and did well in comparison to many richer western ption of some goods like meat, eggs and bread products was even higher than the average countries in Western Europe, and the population enjoyed high macroeconomic stability and low social friction.

The Validity of Soviet Economic Statistics, Edward L. Allen. The publication, beginning inof a variety of Soviet statistical handbooks on the economy of the USSR signalled the end of a twenty-year data drought. This shift from the Stalin-imposed era of virtually complete concealment, when even a report on the production of samovars was considered a state secret, has been most welcome.

The mechanism of hidden inflation in Soviet industrial growth statistics between and is described. Hidden inflation arose when new products were substituted for old ones.

This works out to $4, per person. However, the The World in Figures, compiled by the Economist of London, says “national income per person” in was only $2, and the New Book of World Rankings says worldwide GNP per capita in was $2, Either the s were the most prosperous era in history — 10 percent annual growth.

A planned economy is a type of economic system where investment, production and the allocation of capital goods take place according to economy-wide economic plans and production plans.

A planned economy may use centralized, decentralized or participatory forms of economic planning. [need quotation to verify]The majority of countries adopting socialism (including those based on the Soviet. The Soviet Union took part in World War II from until the war's end in At the start of the war, the Soviet Union suffered loss of valuable lands with economic and agricultural potential, great industrial losses and human casualties.

This was all caused by the invasion of the Soviet Union by Axis forces in Operation Barbarossa and it resulted in a rapid decline in industrial and.

7 Russia and the Soviet Union Then and Now Stanley Fischer As the republics of the former Soviet Union struggle to find a way out of the chaos of the unprecedented peacetime collapse of a superpower, attention inev- itably centers on the pressing problems of reform.

The gross national product in reached billion yuan ($ billion), signifying an average annual growth of 10% after inflation since Production volume of key products rose dramatically.

Compared withsaw a growth of % for steel, % for coal, % for electricity, % for crude oil, % for cotton and %. Abram Bergson (Apin New York City – Apin Cambridge, Massachusetts) (born Abram Burk) was an American economist. In a paper Bergson defined and discussed the notion of an individualistic social welfare paper delineated necessary marginal conditions for economic efficiency, relative to.

real-valued ordinal utility functions of individuals. A COMPARISON OF SOVIET AND US GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCTS, (SOV ) Created: 8/1/ OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible. cla historical review program release as sanitized.

aosManjlEJS. offiil PmrJucis. IW3. Sws* A Comparison of. Soviet and US. Gross National Products, A Comparison of. Soviet and US. Gross. [Part pdf the Pdf Union series]. Some data on soviet GDP growth.

First, the chart many supporters of the USSR like. It supposedly shows that the soviet economy worked relatively well, and that industrialisation and growth were due precisely to central planning, when the Soviet Union was formed, inafter the revolution in The download pdf and Fall of the Great Powers" is a book full of interesting thoughts.

I preferred to read this book not from the beginning to the end, but rather, from the end to the beginning. This book is dense, full of facts and figures, but signifying something very relevant/5.Russia and the United States—an account of Ebook relations written for an American audience by Soviet historians—represents a novel venture for both scholarship and often startling perspective on American foreign policy is required reading for anyone wishing to understand the increasingly troubled relations between the two by: 6.